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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 001-35700
 
Diamondback Energy, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant As Specified in Its Charter)
DE
45-4502447
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
500 West Texas Ave.
Suite 100
Midland, TX
79701
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip code)
(432) 221-7400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common StockFANGThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(NASDAQ Global Select Market)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check One):
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated Filer
Non-Accelerated FilerSmaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes       No   

As of April 28, 2023, the registrant had 181,093,498 shares of common stock outstanding.



DIAMONDBACK ENERGY, INC.
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2023
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page


i

GLOSSARY OF OIL AND NATURAL GAS TERMS
The following is a glossary of certain oil and natural gas industry terms that are used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “report”):
Argus WTI MidlandCrude oil price index at the Permian Basin.
BasinA large depression on the earth’s surface in which sediments accumulate.
Bbl or barrelOne stock tank barrel, or 42 U.S. gallons liquid volume, used in this report in reference to crude oil or other liquid hydrocarbons.
BOOne barrel of crude oil.
BO/dOne BO per day.
BOEOne barrel of oil equivalent, with six thousand cubic feet of natural gas being equivalent to one barrel of oil.
BOE/dBOE per day.
British Thermal Unit or BtuThe quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit.
CompletionThe process of treating a drilled well followed by the installation of permanent equipment for the production of natural gas or oil, or in the case of a dry hole, the reporting of abandonment to the appropriate agency.
Gross acres or gross wellsThe total acres or wells, as the case may be, in which a working interest is owned.
Henry HubLouisiana natural gas pricing index.
Horizontal wellsWells drilled directionally horizontal to allow for development of structures not reachable through traditional vertical drilling mechanisms.
MBblOne thousand barrels of crude oil and other liquid hydrocarbons.
MBOEOne thousand BOE.
MBOE/dOne thousand BOE per day.
McfOne thousand cubic feet of natural gas.
Mineral interestsThe interests in ownership of the resource and mineral rights, giving an owner the right to profit from the extracted resources.
MMBtuOne million British Thermal Units.
MMcfMillion cubic feet of natural gas.
Net acres or net wellsThe sum of the fractional working interest owned in gross acres.
Oil and natural gas propertiesTracts of land consisting of properties to be developed for oil and natural gas resource extraction.
ProspectA specific geographic area which, based on supporting geological, geophysical or other data and also preliminary economic analysis using reasonably anticipated prices and costs, is deemed to have potential for the discovery of commercial hydrocarbons.
Proved reservesThe estimated quantities of oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids which geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be commercially recoverable in future years from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
ReservesThe estimated remaining quantities of oil and natural gas and related substances anticipated to be economically producible, as of a given date, by application of development projects to known accumulations. In addition, there must exist, or there must be a reasonable expectation that there will exist, the legal right to produce or a revenue interest in the production, installed means of delivering oil and natural gas or related substances to the market and all permits and financing required to implement the project. Reserves are not assigned to adjacent reservoirs isolated by major, potentially sealing, faults until those reservoirs are penetrated and evaluated as economically producible. Reserves should not be assigned to areas that are clearly separated from a known accumulation by a non-productive reservoir (i.e., absence of reservoir, structurally low reservoir or negative test results). Such areas may contain prospective resources (i.e., potentially recoverable resources from undiscovered accumulations).
ReservoirA porous and permeable underground formation containing a natural accumulation of producible natural gas and/or crude oil that is confined by impermeable rock or water barriers and is separate from other reservoirs.
Royalty interestAn interest that gives an owner the right to receive a portion of the resources or revenues without having to carry any costs of development, which may be subject to expiration.
Waha HubWest Texas natural gas index.
Working interestAn operating interest that gives the owner the right to drill, produce and conduct operating activities on the property and receive a share of production and requires the owner to pay a share of the costs of drilling and production operations.
WTIWest Texas Intermediate.
ii

GLOSSARY OF CERTAIN OTHER TERMS
The following is a glossary of certain other terms that are used in this report:
ASUAccounting Standards Update.
Exchange ActThe Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
FASBFinancial Accounting Standards Board.
GAAPAccounting principles generally accepted in the United States.
LIBORThe London interbank offered rate.
NYMEXNew York Mercantile Exchange.
OPECOrganization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.
SECUnited States Securities and Exchange Commission.
Securities ActThe Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
Guaranteed Senior NotesThe outstanding senior notes issued by Diamondback Energy, Inc. under indentures where Diamondback E&P is the sole guarantor, consisting of the 3.250% Senior Notes due 2026, 3.500% Senior Notes due 2029, 3.125% Senior Notes due 2031, 6.250% Senior Notes due 2033, 4.400% Senior Notes due 2051, 4.250% Senior Notes due 2052 and 6.250% Senior Notes due 2053.
SOFRThe secured overnight financing rate.
TSRTotal stockholder return of the Company’s common stock.
Wells FargoWells Fargo Bank, National Association.

iii

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Various statements contained in this report are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act, which involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, including statements regarding our: future performance; business strategy; future operations (including drilling plans and capital plans); estimates and projections of revenues, losses, costs, expenses, returns, cash flow, and financial position; reserve estimates and our ability to replace or increase reserves; anticipated benefits of strategic transactions (including acquisitions and divestitures); and plans and objectives of management (including plans for future cash flow from operations and for executing environmental strategies) are forward-looking statements. When used in this report, the words “aim,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “future,” “guidance,” “intend,” “may,” “model,” “outlook,” “plan,” “positioned,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “target,” “will,” “would,” and similar expressions (including the negative of such terms) as they relate to the Company are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words. In particular, the factors discussed in this report and detailed under Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors in this report and our Annual Report on Form 10–K for the year ended December 31, 2022 could affect our actual results and cause our actual results to differ materially from expectations, estimates or assumptions expressed, forecasted or implied in such forward-looking statements. Unless the context requires otherwise, references to “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company” are intended to mean the business and operations of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries.

Factors that could cause our outcomes to differ materially include (but are not limited to) the following:

changes in supply and demand levels for oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids, and the resulting impact on the price for those commodities;
the impact of public health crises, including epidemic or pandemic diseases such as the COVID-19 pandemic, and any related company or government policies or actions;
actions taken by the members of OPEC and Russia affecting the production and pricing of oil, as well as other domestic and global political, economic, or diplomatic developments;
changes in general economic, business or industry conditions, including changes in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and inflation rates, instability in the financial sector and concerns over a potential economic downturn or recession;
regional supply and demand factors, including delays, curtailment delays or interruptions of production, or governmental orders, rules or regulations that impose production limits;
federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives relating to hydraulic fracturing, including the effect of existing and future laws and governmental regulations;
physical and transition risks relating to climate change;
restrictions on the use of water, including limits on the use of produced water and a moratorium on new produced water well permits recently imposed by the Texas Railroad Commission in an effort to control induced seismicity in the Permian Basin;
significant declines in prices for oil, natural gas, or natural gas liquids, which could require recognition of significant impairment charges;
changes in U.S. energy, environmental, monetary and trade policies;
conditions in the capital, financial and credit markets, including the availability and pricing of capital for drilling and development operations and our environmental and social responsibility projects;
challenges with employee retention and an increasingly competitive labor market due to a sustained labor shortage or increased turnover caused by the COVID-19 pandemic;
changes in availability or cost of rigs, equipment, raw materials, supplies, oilfield services;
changes in safety, health, environmental, tax, and other regulations or requirements (including those addressing air emissions, water management, or the impact of global climate change);
security threats, including cybersecurity threats and disruptions to our business and operations from breaches of our information technology systems, or from breaches of information technology systems of third parties with whom we transact business;
lack of, or disruption in, access to adequate and reliable transportation, processing, storage, and other facilities for our oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids;
iv

failures or delays in achieving expected reserve or production levels from existing and future oil and natural gas developments, including due to operating hazards, drilling risks, or the inherent uncertainties in predicting reserve and reservoir performance;
difficulty in obtaining necessary approvals and permits;
severe weather conditions;
acts of war or terrorist acts and the governmental or military response thereto;
changes in the financial strength of counterparties to our credit agreement and hedging contracts;
changes in our credit rating; and
other risks and factors disclosed in this report.

In light of these factors, the events anticipated by our forward-looking statements may not occur at the time anticipated or at all. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment and new risks emerge from time to time. We cannot predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated by any forward-looking statements we may make. Accordingly, you should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements made in this report. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report or, if earlier, as of the date they were made. We do not intend to, and disclaim any obligation to, update or revise any forward-looking statements unless required by applicable law.
v


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION


ITEM 1.     CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
March 31,December 31,
20232022
(In millions, except par values and share data)
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$46 $157 
Restricted cash7 7 
Accounts receivable:
Joint interest and other, net148 104 
Oil and natural gas sales, net606 618 
Inventories69 67 
Derivative instruments60 132 
Income tax receivable188 284 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets36 23 
Total current assets1,160 1,392 
Property and equipment:
Oil and natural gas properties, full cost method of accounting ($8,711 million and $8,355 million excluded from amortization at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively)
39,321 37,122 
Other property, equipment and land1,431 1,481 
Accumulated depletion, depreciation, amortization and impairment(15,238)(14,844)
Property and equipment, net25,514 23,759 
Funds held in escrow 119 
Equity method investments573 566 
Assets held for sale143 158 
Derivative instruments8 23 
Deferred income taxes, net62 64 
Investment in real estate, net86 86 
Other assets43 42 
Total assets$27,589 $26,209 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable - trade$241 $127 
Accrued capital expenditures466 480 
Current maturities of long-term debt10 10 
Other accrued liabilities350 399 
Revenues and royalties payable716 619 
Derivative instruments52 47 
Income taxes payable51 34 
Total current liabilities1,886 1,716 
Long-term debt6,950 6,238 
Derivative instruments150 148 
Asset retirement obligations306 336 
Deferred income taxes2,161 2,069 
Other long-term liabilities13 12 
Total liabilities11,466 10,519 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 400,000,000 shares authorized; 181,604,781 and 179,840,797 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively
2 2 
Additional paid-in capital14,502 14,213 
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)967 801 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(7)(7)
Total Diamondback Energy, Inc. stockholders’ equity15,464 15,009 
Non-controlling interest659 681 
Total equity16,123 15,690 
Total liabilities and equity$27,589 $26,209 


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
1

Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20232022
(In millions, except per share amounts, shares in thousands)
Revenues:
Oil sales$1,654 $1,946 
Natural gas sales69 154 
Natural gas liquid sales179 289 
Other operating income23 19 
Total revenues1,925 2,408 
Costs and expenses:
Lease operating expenses192 149 
Production and ad valorem taxes155 161 
Gathering and transportation68 59 
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion403 313 
General and administrative expenses40 36 
Merger and integration expenses8  
Other operating expenses34 30 
Total costs and expenses900 748 
Income (loss) from operations1,025 1,660 
Other income (expense):
Interest expense, net(46)(40)
Other income (expense), net53 1 
Gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net(93)(552)
Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt (54)
Income (loss) from equity investments14 9 
Total other income (expense), net(72)(636)
Income (loss) before income taxes953 1,024 
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes207 221 
Net income (loss) 746 803 
Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest34 24 
Net income (loss) attributable to Diamondback Energy, Inc.$712 $779 
Earnings (loss) per common share:
Basic$3.88 $4.35 
Diluted$3.88 $4.35 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic181,988 177,565 
Diluted181,988 177,567 
Dividends declared per share$0.83 $3.05 








See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)
Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Non-Controlling InterestTotal
SharesAmount
($ in millions, shares in thousands)
Balance December 31, 2022179,841 $2 $14,213 $801 $(7)$681 $15,690 
Unit-based compensation— — — — — 1 1 
Distribution equivalent rights payments— — — (4)— — (4)
Stock-based compensation— — 15 — — — 15 
Cash paid for tax withholding on vested equity awards(119)— (18)— — — (18)
Repurchased shares under buyback program(2,531)— (332)— — — (332)
Repurchased units under buyback programs— — — — — (34)(34)
Common shares issued for acquisition4,330 — 633 — — — 633 
Distributions to non-controlling interest— — — — — (34)(34)
Dividend paid— — — (542)— — (542)
Exercise of stock options and issuance of restricted stock units and awards84 — — — — — — 
Change in ownership of consolidated subsidiaries, net— — (9)— — 11 2 
Net income (loss)— — — 712 — 34 746 
Balance March 31, 2023181,605 $2 $14,502 $967 $(7)$659 $16,123 


Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)Non-Controlling InterestTotal
SharesAmount
($ in millions, shares in thousands)
Balance December 31, 2021177,551 $2 $14,084 $(1,998)$1,157 $13,245 
Unit-based compensation— — — — 3 3 
Distribution equivalent rights payments— — — — (1)(1)
Stock-based compensation— — 16 — — 16 
Cash paid for tax withholding on vested equity awards— — (15)— — (15)
Repurchased shares under buyback program(58)— (7)— — (7)
Repurchased units under buyback programs— — — — (42)(42)
Distributions to non-controlling interest— — — — (47)(47)
Dividend paid— — — (107)— (107)
Exercise of stock options and issuance of restricted stock units and awards58 — 1 — — 1 
Change in ownership of consolidated subsidiaries, net— — (12)— 15 3 
Net income (loss)— — — 779 24 803 
Balance March 31, 2022177,551 $2 $14,067 $(1,326)$1,109 $13,852 








See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20232022
(In millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income (loss) $746 $803 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Provision for (benefit from) deferred income taxes97 89 
Depreciation, depletion, amortization and accretion403 313 
(Gain) loss on extinguishment of debt 54 
(Gain) loss on derivative instruments, net93 552 
Cash received (paid) on settlement of derivative instruments1 (420)
(Income) loss from equity investment(14)(9)
Equity-based compensation expense11 15 
Other(34)14 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(36)(403)
Income tax receivable95 1 
Prepaid expenses and other 2 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities(26)(13)
Income tax payable17 132 
Revenues and royalties payable60 125 
Other12 (3)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities1,425 1,252 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Drilling, completions and infrastructure additions to oil and natural gas properties(622)(418)
Additions to midstream assets(35)(19)
Property acquisitions(880)(284)
Proceeds from sale of assets264 35 
Other(6)(30)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities(1,279)(716)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from borrowings under credit facilities1,696 79 
Repayments under credit facilities(989)(100)
Proceeds from senior notes 750 
Repayment of senior notes (1,500)
Proceeds from (repayments to) joint venture 5 
Premium on extinguishment of debt (47)
Repurchased shares under buyback program(332)(7)
Repurchased units under buyback program(34)(42)
Dividends paid to stockholders(542)(107)
Distributions to non-controlling interest(34)(47)
Other(22)(25)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(257)(1,041)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents(111)(505)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period164 672 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$53 $167 









See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


1.    DESCRIPTION OF THE BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Organization and Description of the Business

Diamondback Energy, Inc., together with its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as “Diamondback” or the “Company” unless the context otherwise requires), is an independent oil and natural gas company currently focused on the acquisition, development, exploration and exploitation of unconventional, onshore oil and natural gas reserves in the Permian Basin in West Texas.

As of March 31, 2023, the wholly owned subsidiaries of Diamondback include Diamondback E&P LLC (“Diamondback E&P”), a Delaware limited liability company, Viper Energy Partners GP LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Viper’s General Partner”), Rattler Midstream GP LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Rattler’s GP”), Rattler Midstream LP, a Delaware limited partnership (“Rattler”), and QEP Resources, Inc. (“QEP”), a Delaware corporation.

Rattler Merger

On August 24, 2022 (the “Effective Date”), the Company completed the merger with Rattler pursuant to which the Company acquired all of the approximately 38.51 million publicly held outstanding common units of Rattler in exchange for approximately 4.35 million shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Rattler Merger”). Rattler continued as the surviving entity. Following the Rattler Merger, the Company owns all of Rattler’s outstanding common units and Class B units, and Rattler GP remains the general partner of Rattler. Following the closing of the Rattler Merger, Rattler’s common units were delisted from the NASDAQ Global Select Market and Rattler filed a certification on Form 15 with the SEC requesting the deregistration of its common units and suspension of Rattler’s reporting obligations under the Exchange Act.

The Rattler Merger was accounted for as a non-cash equity transaction resulting in increases to common stock of $44 thousand, additional paid-in-capital of $344 million, and merger and integration expense of $11 million, and a decrease in noncontrolling interests in consolidated subsidiaries of $344 million. For periods prior to the Effective Date, the results of operations attributable to the non-controlling interest in Rattler are presented within equity and net income and are shown separately from the equity and net income attributable to the Company.

Basis of Presentation

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries after all significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation. The Company has one reportable segment, the upstream segment.

Diamondback’s publicly traded subsidiary Viper Energy Partners LP (“Viper”) is consolidated in the Company’s financial statements. As of March 31, 2023, the Company owned approximately 56% of Viper’s total units outstanding. The Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, Viper Energy Partners GP LLC, is the general partner of Viper. The results of operations attributable to the non-controlling interest in Viper are presented within equity and net income and are shown separately from the equity and net income attributable to the Company.

These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. They reflect all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the results for interim periods, on a basis consistent with the annual audited financial statements. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. Certain information, accounting policies and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been omitted pursuant to SEC rules and regulations, although the Company believes the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. This Quarterly Report on Form 10–Q should be read in conjunction with the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10–K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, which contains a summary of the Company’s significant accounting policies and other disclosures.

Reclassifications

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period financial statement presentation. These reclassifications had an immaterial effect on the previously reported total assets, total liabilities, stockholders’ equity, results of operations or cash flows.
5

Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Continued)
(Unaudited)

2.    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Use of Estimates

Certain amounts included in or affecting the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures must be estimated by management, requiring certain assumptions to be made with respect to values or conditions that cannot be known with certainty at the time the consolidated financial statements are prepared. These estimates and assumptions affect the amounts the Company reports for assets and liabilities and the Company’s disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Making accurate estimates and assumptions is particularly difficult in the oil and natural gas industry given the challenges resulting from volatility in oil and natural gas prices. For instance, the war in Ukraine, the COVID-19 pandemic, rising interest rates, global supply chain disruptions, concerns about a potential economic downturn or recession, recent measures to combat persistent inflation, and instability in the financial sector have contributed to recent economic and pricing volatility. The financial results of companies in the oil and natural gas industry have been impacted materially as a result of these events and changing market conditions. Such circumstances generally increase uncertainty in the Company’s accounting estimates, particularly those involving financial forecasts.

The Company evaluates these estimates on an ongoing basis, using historical experience, consultation with experts and other methods the Company considers reasonable in the particular circumstances. Nevertheless, actual results may differ significantly from the Company’s estimates. Any effects on the Company’s business, financial position or results of operations resulting from revisions to these estimates are recorded in the period in which the facts that give rise to the revision become known. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include estimates of proved oil and natural gas reserves and related present value estimates of future net cash flows therefrom, the carrying value of oil and natural gas properties, fair value estimates of derivative instruments, the fair value determination of acquired assets and liabilities assumed and estimates of income taxes, including deferred tax valuation allowances.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Adopted Pronouncements

In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, "Business Combinations (Topic 805) – Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers.” This update required the acquirer in a business combination to record contract asset and liabilities following Topic 606 – “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” at acquisition as if it had originated the contract, rather than at fair value. The Company adopted this update effective January 1, 2023. The adoption of this update did not have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

In March 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-01, “Leases (Topic 842) – Common Control Arrangements.” This update (i) requires all lessees that are a party to a lease between entities under common control in which there are leasehold improvements to record amortization utilizing the shorter period of the remaining lease term and the useful life of the improvements, and (ii) requires leasehold improvements to be accounted for as a transfer between entities under common control through an adjustment to equity if, and when, the lessee no longer controls the use of the underlying asset. This update is effective for public business entities beginning after December 15, 2023 with early adoption permitted. The Company may adopt this update (i) prospectively to all new leasehold improvements on or after the date of adoption, (ii) prospectively to all new and existing leasehold improvements on or after the date of adoption, or (iii) retrospectively to the beginning of the period in which the Company first applied Topic 842. The Company continues to evaluate the provisions of this update, but does not believe the adoption will have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

The Company considers the applicability and impact of all ASUs. ASUs not discussed above were assessed and determined to be either not applicable, the effects of adoption are not expected to be material or are clarifications of ASUs previously disclosed.

6

Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Continued)
(Unaudited)
3.    REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS

Revenue from Contracts with Customers

The following tables present the Company’s revenue from contracts with customers disaggregated by product type and basin:

Three Months Ended March 31, 2023Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
Midland BasinDelaware Basin OtherTotalMidland BasinDelaware Basin OtherTotal
(In millions)
Oil sales$1,295 $358 $1 $1,654 $1,398 $545 $3 $1,946 
Natural gas sales48 21  69 98 56  154 
Natural gas liquid sales132 47  179 191 97 1 289 
Total$1,475 $426 $1 $1,902 $1,687 $698 $4 $2,389 

4.    ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURES

2023 Activity

Lario Acquisition

On January 31, 2023, the Company closed on its acquisition of all leasehold interests and related assets of Lario Permian, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lario Oil and Gas Company, and certain associated sellers (collectively “Lario”). The acquisition included approximately 25,000 gross (16,000 net) acres in the Midland Basin and certain related oil and gas assets (the “Lario Acquisition”), in exchange for 4.33 million shares of the Company’s common stock and $814 million in cash, including certain customary post-closing adjustments. The cash portion of the consideration for the Lario Acquisition was funded through a combination of cash on hand, a portion of the net proceeds from the Company’s December 2022 senior notes offering and borrowings under the Company’s revolving credit facility.

The following table presents the acquisition consideration paid in the Lario Acquisition (in millions, except per share data, shares in thousands):

Consideration:
Shares of Diamondback common stock issued at closing4,330
Closing price per share of Diamondback common stock on the closing date$146.12 
Fair value of Diamondback common stock issued$633 
Cash consideration814 
Total consideration (including fair value of Diamondback common stock issued)$1,447 

Purchase Price Allocation

The Lario Acquisition has been accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method. The following table represents the allocation of the total purchase price paid in the Lario Acquisition to the identifiable assets acquired and the liabilities assumed based on the fair values at the acquisition date. Although the purchase price allocation is substantially complete as of the date of this filing, there may be further adjustments to the fair value of certain assets acquired and liabilities assumed, including but not limited to the Company’s oil and natural gas properties. The Company expects to complete the purchase price allocation during the 12-month period following the acquisition date and may revise the value of the assets and liabilities as appropriate within that time frame.

7

Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Continued)
(Unaudited)
The following table sets forth the Company’s preliminary purchase price allocation (in millions):

Total consideration$1,447 
Fair value of liabilities assumed:
Other long-term liabilities37 
Fair value of assets acquired:
Oil and natural gas properties1,457 
Inventories2 
Other property, equipment and land25 
Amount attributable to assets acquired1,484 
Net assets acquired and liabilities assumed$1,447 

Oil and natural gas properties were valued using an income approach utilizing the discounted cash flow method, which takes into account production forecasts, projected commodity prices and pricing differentials, and estimates of future capital and operating costs which were then discounted utilizing an estimated weighted-average cost of capital for industry market participants. The fair value of acquired midstream assets, vehicles and a field office were based on the cost approach, which utilized asset listings and cost records with consideration for the reported age, condition, utilization and economic support of the assets and were included in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets under the caption “Other property, equipment and land.” The majority of the measurements of assets acquired and liabilities assumed are based on inputs that are not observable in the market and are therefore considered Level 3 inputs in the fair value hierarchy.

With the completion of the Lario Acquisition, the Company acquired proved properties of $924 million and unproved properties of $533 million. The results of operations attributable to the Lario Acquisition since the acquisition date have been included in the consolidated statements of operations and include $90 million of total revenue and $32 million of net income for the three months ended March 31, 2023.

Divestitures

On January 9, 2023, the Company divested its 10% non-operating equity investment in Gray Oak Pipeline, LLC (“Gray Oak”) for $172 million in cash proceeds and recorded a gain on the sale of equity method investments of approximately $53 million in the first quarter of 2023 that was included in “Other income (expense), net” on the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

On March 31, 2023, the Company divested non-core assets consisting of approximately 4,900 net acres in Ward and Winkler counties to unrelated third-party buyers for $79 million in cash, including customary post-closing adjustments.

2022 Activity

FireBird Energy LLC

On November 30, 2022, the Company closed on its acquisition of all leasehold interests and related assets of FireBird Energy LLC, which included approximately 75,000 gross (68,000 net) acres in the Midland Basin and certain related oil and gas assets, in exchange for 5.92 million shares of the Company’s common stock and $787 million in cash, including certain customary post-closing adjustments. The cash portion of the consideration for the FireBird Acquisition was funded through a combination of cash on hand and borrowings under the Company’s revolving credit facility. As a result of the FireBird Acquisition, the Company added approximately 854 gross producing wells.

8

Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Continued)
(Unaudited)
The following table presents the acquisition consideration paid in the FireBird Acquisition (in millions, except per share data, shares in thousands):

Consideration:
Shares of Diamondback common stock issued at closing5,921
Closing price per share of Diamondback common stock on the closing date$148.02 
Fair value of Diamondback common stock issued$876 
Cash consideration787 
Total consideration (including fair value of Diamondback common stock issued)$1,663 

Purchase Price Allocation

The FireBird Acquisition has been accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method. The following table represents the allocation of the total purchase price paid in the FireBird Acquisition to the identifiable assets acquired and the liabilities assumed based on the fair values at the acquisition date. Although the purchase price allocation is substantially complete as of the date of this filing, there may be further adjustments to the fair value of certain assets acquired and liabilities assumed, including but not limited to the Company’s oil and natural gas properties. The Company expects to complete the purchase price allocation during the 12-month period following the acquisition date and may revise the value of the assets and liabilities as appropriate within that time frame.

The following table sets forth the Company’s preliminary purchase price allocation (in millions):

Total consideration$1,663 
Fair value of liabilities assumed:
Other long-term liabilities10 
Fair value of assets acquired:
Oil and natural gas properties1,558 
Inventories1 
Other property, equipment and land114 
Amount attributable to assets acquired1,673 
Net assets acquired and liabilities assumed$1,663 

Oil and natural gas properties were valued using an income approach utilizing the discounted cash flow method, which takes into account production forecasts, projected commodity prices and pricing differentials, and estimates of future capital and operating costs which were then discounted utilizing an estimated weighted-average cost of capital for industry market participants. The fair value of acquired midstream assets was based on the cost approach, which utilized asset listings and cost records with consideration for the reported age, condition, utilization and economic support of the assets and were included in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets under the caption “Other property, equipment and land.” The majority of the measurements of assets acquired and liabilities assumed are based on inputs that are not observable in the market and are therefore considered Level 3 inputs.

With the completion of the FireBird Acquisition, the Company acquired proved properties of $648 million and unproved properties of $910 million.

Delaware Basin Acquisition

On January 18, 2022, the Company acquired, from an unrelated third-party seller, approximately 6,200 net acres in the Delaware Basin for $232 million in cash, including customary post-closing adjustments. The acquisition was funded through cash on hand.

9

Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Continued)
(Unaudited)
Other 2022 Acquisitions

Additionally during the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company acquired, from unrelated third-party sellers, approximately 4,000 net acres and over 200 gross wells in the Permian Basin for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $220 million in cash, including customary post-closing adjustments. The acquisitions were funded through cash on hand.

Divestitures of Certain Non-Core Assets

In October 2022, the Company completed the divestiture of non-core Delaware Basin acreage consisting of approximately 3,272 net acres, with net production of approximately 550 BO/d (800 BOE/d) for $155 million of net proceeds. The Company used the net proceeds from this transaction towards debt reduction.

Pro Forma Financial Information

The following unaudited summary pro forma financial information for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022 has been prepared to give effect to the Firebird Acquisition and the Lario Acquisition as if they had occurred on January 1, 2022. The unaudited pro forma financial information does not purport to be indicative of what the combined company’s results of operations would have been if these transactions had occurred on the dates indicated, nor is it indicative of the future financial position or results of operations of the combined company.

The below information reflects pro forma adjustments for the issuance of the Company’s common stock as consideration for the Firebird Acquisition and the Lario Acquisition, as well as pro forma adjustments based on available information and certain assumptions that the Company believes are reasonable, including adjustments to depreciation, depletion and amortization based on the full cost method of accounting.

Additionally, pro forma earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2023 were adjusted to exclude acquisition-related costs incurred by the Company of $6 million for the Lario Acquisition and $2 million for the FireBird Acquisition, which consist primarily of legal and advisory fees. The pro forma results of operations do not include any cost savings or other synergies that may result from the Firebird Acquisition and the Lario Acquisition or any estimated costs that have been or will be incurred by the Company to integrate the acquired assets. The pro forma financial data does not include the results of operations for any other acquisitions made during the periods presented, as they were primarily acreage acquisitions and their results were not deemed material.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2023Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Revenues$1,970 $2,604 
Income (loss) from operations$1,058 $1,777 
Net income (loss)$740 $907 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share$3.94 $4.80 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share$3.94 $4.80 

10

Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Continued)
(Unaudited)
5.    PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

Property and equipment includes the following as of the dates indicated:

March 31,December 31,
20232022
(In millions)
Oil and natural gas properties:
Subject to depletion$30,610 $28,767 
Not subject to depletion8,711 8,355 
Gross oil and natural gas properties39,321 37,122 
Accumulated depletion(7,050)(6,671)
Accumulated impairment(7,954)(7,954)
Oil and natural gas properties, net24,317 22,497 
Other property, equipment and land1,431 1,481 
Accumulated depreciation, amortization, accretion and impairment(234)(219)
Total property and equipment, net $25,514 $23,759 

Under the full cost method of accounting, the Company is required to perform a ceiling test each quarter which determines a limit, or ceiling, on the book value of proved oil and natural gas properties. No impairment expense was recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2023 or 2022 based on the results of the respective quarterly ceiling tests.

In addition to commodity prices, the Company’s production rates, levels of proved reserves, future development costs, transfers of unevaluated properties and other factors will determine its actual ceiling test calculation and impairment analysis in future periods. If the future trailing 12-month commodity prices decline as compared to the commodity prices used in prior quarters, the Company may have material write downs in subsequent quarters. It is possible that circumstances requiring additional impairment testing will occur in future interim periods, which could result in potentially material impairment charges being recorded.

6.    ASSET RETIREMENT OBLIGATIONS

The following table describes the changes to the Company’s asset retirement obligations liability for the following periods:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20232022
(In millions)
Asset retirement obligations, beginning of period$347 $171 
Additional liabilities incurred7 21 
Liabilities acquired4 2 
Liabilities settled and divested(18)(5)
Accretion expense4 3 
Revisions in estimated liabilities(32)75 
Asset retirement obligations, end of period312 267 
Less current portion(1)
6 13 
Asset retirement obligations - long-term$306 $254 
(1) The current portion of the asset retirement obligation is included in other accrued liabilities in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.

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Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Continued)
(Unaudited)
7.    DEBT

Long-term debt consisted of the following as of the dates indicated:

March 31,December 31,
20232022
(In millions)
5.250% Senior Notes due 2023
$10 $10 
3.250% Senior Notes due 2026
780 780 
5.625% Senior Notes due 2026
14 14 
7.125% Medium-term Notes, Series B, due 2028
73 73 
3.500% Senior Notes due 2029
1,021 1,021 
3.125% Senior Notes due 2031
789 789 
6.250% Senior Notes due 2033
1,100 1,100 
4.400% Senior Notes due 2051
650 650 
4.250% Senior Notes due 2052
750 750 
6.250% Senior Notes due 2053
650 650 
Unamortized debt issuance costs(43)(43)
Unamortized discount costs(25)(26)
Unamortized premium costs5 4 
Unamortized basis adjustment of dedesignated interest rate swap agreements(1)
(103)(106)
Revolving credit facility589  
Viper revolving credit facility270 152 
Viper 5.375% Senior Notes due 2027
430 430 
Total debt, net6,960 6,248 
Less: current maturities of long-term debt10 10 
Total long-term debt$6,950 $6,238 
(1)    Represents the unamortized basis adjustment related to two receive-fixed, pay variable interest rate swap agreements which were previously designated as fair value hedges of the Company’s $1.2 billion 3.500% fixed rate senior notes due 2029. These swaps were dedesignated in the second quarter of 2022 as discussed further in Note 11—Derivatives.

References in this section to the Company shall mean Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Diamondback E&P, collectively, unless otherwise specified.

Credit Agreement

As of March 31, 2023, Diamondback E&P, as borrower, and Diamondback Energy, Inc., as parent guarantor, have a credit agreement, as amended, which provides for a maximum credit amount of $1.6 billion. As of March 31, 2023, the Company had $589 million in outstanding borrowings under the credit agreement and $1.0 billion available for future borrowings. There were no borrowings under the credit agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2022. During the three months ended March 31, 2023 the weighted average interest rate on borrowings under the credit agreement was 6.02%.

As of March 31, 2023, the Company was in compliance with all financial maintenance covenants under the credit agreement.

Viper’s Credit Agreement

Viper LLC’s credit agreement, as amended, provides for a revolving credit facility in the maximum credit amount of $2.0 billion with a borrowing base of $580 million based on Viper LLC’s oil and natural gas reserves and other factors. As of March 31, 2023, the elected commitment amount was $500 million with $270 million of outstanding borrowings and $230 million available for future borrowings. During the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, the weighted average interest
12

Diamondback Energy, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Continued)
(Unaudited)
rates on borrowings under the Viper credit agreement were 6.10% and 2.58%, respectively. The Viper credit agreement will mature on June 2, 2025. As of March 31, 2023, Viper LLC was in compliance with all financial maintenance covenants under the Viper credit agreement.

8.    STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE

Stock Repurchase Program

In September 2021, the Company’s board of directors approved a stock repurchase program to acquire up to $2.0 billion of the Company’s outstanding common stock. On July 28, 2022, the Company’s board of directors approved an increase in the Company’s common stock repurchase program from $2.0 billion to $4.0 billion. Purchases under the repurchase program may be made from time to time in open market or privately negotiated transactions, and are subject to market conditions, applicable legal requirements, contractual obligations and other factors. The repurchase program does not require the Company to acquire any specific number of shares. This repurchase program may be suspended from time to time, modified, extended or discontinued by the board of directors at any time. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, the Company repurchased approximately $332 million of common stock under this repurchase program. As of March 31, 2023, approximately $2.1 billion remained available for use to repurchase shares under the Company’s common stock repurchase program.

Change in Ownership of Consolidated Subsidiaries

Non-controlling interests in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements represent minority interest ownership in Viper and Rattler through the Effective Date and are presented as a component of equity. When the Company’s relative ownership interests in Viper and Rattler change, adjustments to non-controlling interest and additional paid-in-capital, tax effected, will occur. The following table summarizes changes in the ownership interest in consolidated subsidiaries during the periods presented:

Three Months Ended March 31,
20232022
(In millions)
Net income (loss) attributable to the Company$